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Saturday, October 23, 2010

Gumstix - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Gumstix, Inc.




Computer systems




Portola Valley, California

Key people

Gordon Kruberg, CEO

Don Anderson, EVPEngineering Services

Steve Sakoman, Head of Software


Complete computer systems, Gumstix Overo and verdex pro computer-on-modules, and a series of I/O expansion boards with accessories


Under 25


In his garage in Portola Valley, Gordon Kruberg developed a tinysingle-board computer for his interest in robotics. When he decided to start a company around this product for the commercial market, Gordon formed Gumstix because his first computer-on-module (COM) was about the size of a stick of gum.[1][2][3] Seven years later, Gumstix has thousands of customers in more than 50 countries around the world designing and producing a wide range of products driven by a GumstixCOM. While the design of the main computer boards has always been proprietary, designs for expansion boards are published under a Creative Commons Share-alike license.[4] The software stack is Linux based, built using the OpenEmbeddedframework.[5]

Gumstix currently has two product lines: the Texas Instruments OMAP-based Overo series and the Marvell XScale-based Verdex Pro series. The tiny Gumstix Overo COMs are 17 mm x 58 mm x 4.2 mm (0.67 in. x 2.28 in. x 0.16 in.) while the slightly larger Verdex Pro series COMs, about the size of a stick of gum, measure 80 mm x 20 mm x 5.3 mm (3.15 in. x 0.79 in. x 0.21 in.)[6]. Gumstix products offer a wide range of functions including OMAP, PXA, microSD, Bluetooth and 802.11g wireless interfaces, synchronous and asynchronous serial, USB, 10/100Ethernet, RS232 and more in a very small form factor. The company provides Linux for the OpenEmbedded build environment.

Gumstix products have been used in various commercial, educational and hobbyist projects such as power management metering devices, medical devices, security and personnel management products, wireless & hand-held products, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and robotics.[7]

Gumstix products have no printed documentation but are supported instead through several different forms of online documentation, such as articles, FAQ lists, a user-maintained wiki and a mailing list archive.


1 Motherboards
1.1 Overo Earth
1.2 Overo Air
1.3 Overo Water
1.4 Overo Fire
1.5 Verdex Pro
2 Discontinued motherboards
3 Computers
3.1 Netstix
3.2 Waysmall
4 Software development kit
5 Engineering and Expansion
6 See also
7 References
8 External links


A side-by-side size comparison of a United States Quarter (24 mm diameter), a Gumstix Overo Earth, a stick of gum, and the Gumstix Summit expansion board.

Gumstix motherboards are single-board computers which come in two different configurations. The brand names for these are Overo Earth and Verdex Pro. The Overo Earth uses a TI OMAP 3503 processor running at 600 MHz and have 256 MB of SDRAM, while the Verdex Pro motherboards use a Marvell XScale PXA270 processor running at 400 MHz or 600 MHz with up to 128 MB of SDRAM. Both boards run Linux 2.6 with the BusyBox utilities, and use the OpenEmbedded build environment to provide a full-blown Linux environment and a large range of Linux applications.

Additional features can be added to all motherboards with expansion cards connected via one or both on-board buses. The motherboards draw less than 250 mA @4V at 400 MHz without Bluetooth and less than 50 mA while idling, waiting for input.[8][9]
[edit]Overo Earth

The Overo Earth was released in July 2008.[10] It provides improvements over the previous designs, including upgraded memory (it has 256 MB of flash and 256 MB of SDRAM), use of a new processor (a 600 MHz TI OMAP 3503 processor), and a new connector system employing two connectors to the daughtercard, allowing for more reliable board stacks.
[edit]Overo Air

The Overo Air was released in April 2009.[11] It adds wireless networking and Bluetooth capabilities to the Overo Earth module.
[edit]Overo Water

The Overo Water was released in the beginning of July 2008. It provides improvements over the previous designs, including upgraded memory (it has 256 MB of flash and 256 MB of SDRAM), using a completely new processor than its counter part (Overo Earth). It, instead, uses the Texas Instruments OMAP 3530 600 MHz processor.
[edit]Overo Fire

The Overo Fire was released in April 2009.[11] It adds wireless networking and Bluetooth capabilities to the Overo Water module.
[edit]Verdex Pro

The Verdex Pro motherboards have up to 128 MB RAM, on-board StrataFlash up to 32 MB, an onboard 60-pinHirose I/O header, a 80-pin Molex connector for connecting additional expansion cards. The boards can be ordered with Infineon Bluetooth as an option.

In volume, Verdex Pro motherboards may be ordered with processor speeds of 300 MHz, 400 MHz, 500 MHz and 600 MHz with any combination of RAM, flash and expansion board connectors.
[edit]Discontinued motherboards

The Basix and Connex motherboards came in three versions (200, 400-xm and 400xm-bt), all based around the XScale PXA255 processor and having 64 MB of RAM and 4-16 MB of onboard Flash. The motherboards could connect to a variety of expansion boards via a 60-pin Hirose connector. Basix boards had an MMC slot, while the Connex had an additional 92-pin expansion connector. The -bt version included an onboard Bluetoothmodule.[12][13]

Verdex motherboards, upgraded to the XScale PXA270, were again available in three models (XM4, XM4-bt and XL6P).[14]

Verdex motherboards have up to 128 MB RAM, up to 32 MB of on-board StrataFlash, an on-board 60-pinHirose I/O header, a 120-pin Molex connector for connecting expansion cards and an optional Bluetoothmodule. The Verdex was an upgrade from the Basix and Connex motherboards, adding a second expansion bus via a 120-pin Molex connector, USB host capability (12 megabit/second), and higher capacity RAM and flash memory options.

Basix and Connex boards were discontinued in May 2009.[15] The Verdex is currently being phased-out (as of May 2009), replaced by the Verdex Pro.[16]

Gumstix has two encased computer products, under the brand names Netstix and Waysmall. Neither product supports connecting to a desktop monitor, although the company sells expansion boards that allow the use of a variety of small LCD touchscreen displays.[17]

Instead of connecting input devices such as keyboards or mice directly, users access the device through a serial port, using the keyboard and monitor from a host PC running a terminal emulator.[18]

The Netstix computers, based on the Connex motherboard, provide 10/100 Mbps Ethernet connected computers with CompactFlash (CF) for storage.

The Waysmall computer product line uses the Basix motherboard and connects to a host computer via USB using a serial connection and a terminal emulator [19]. It has an onboard MultiMediaCard (MMC) read/write device, and can read and write to external memory via this interface.
[edit]Software development kit

Gumstix uses the OpenEmbedded software framework to track and fetch dependencies, cross-compilepackages and build complete images by using BitBake. After building, the rootfs image and the kernel are transferred to the Gumstix through a serial connection, using compact flash or MMC type cards or throughEthernet network (depending on the system configuration and what expansion boards are used)

Additional software can be downloaded prebuilt directly from the Gumstix repositories or compiled using BitBake. Software is installed and managed using ipkg packages.
[edit]Engineering and Expansion

Gumstix provides product diagrams and schematics[20] to aid customers in the design and visualization of new product enclosures and custom expansion boards.
[edit]See also
Mobile Robot Programming Toolkit

^ "gumstix: finally! - a very small linux machine". 8 April 2004. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
^ "A Linux Machine For Your Collar". 28 Jan 2004. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
^ "Company forming around gumstick-sized Linux SBC". Linux Devices. 29 Jan 2004. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
^ "Gumstix expansion board archive".
^ "Gumstix Overo Source Code".
^ "Gumstix Computer-on-module". Retrieved 01 April 2010.
^ "Gumstix customer projects".
^ "Overo Feature Overview".
^ "Verdex Pro Specifications".
^ "overo press release".
^ a b "Gumstix expands Overo series with three new OMAP35x-based modules and two expansion boards offering a variety of wireless, networking, LCD and touch screen options".
^ "Gumstix Basix - Feature Overview". Retrieved 13 July 2009.
^ "Gumstix Connex - Feature Overview". Retrieved 13 July 2009.
^ "Gumstix Verdex - Feature Overview". Retrieved 13 July 2009.
^ "Phasing out: PXA255-based Basix & Connex and Waysmall & Netstix computers".
^ "Phasing out: PXA270-based Verdex product line".
^ Gumstix schematics and diagrams
[edit]External links
Official website
Developer website
Gumstix users wiki
Gumstix Support links
Gumstix mailing list archives on nabble
Gumstix Aims At Mobile Apps
Tiny Linux SBC steps up to PXA270
Gumstix Computers Now Support Displays



Linux-based devices

Categories: Embedded Linux | Embedded systems | Linux-based devices | Computer companies of the United States | Companies based in San Mateo County, California | Companies based in Silicon Valley |Network computer (brand) | Motherboard | Motherboard form factors | Motherboard companies | Bluetooth |Privately held companies of the United States | Single-board computers
This page was last modified on 14 October 2010 at 16:50.

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