As I was Reading, Watching Videos and Listening to her Audio Books, of her Articles. I began to think about my own Mother. Actually, I don't think Nellie, ever had any children. Even so. I was reminded of my Mom. My Mom, has not lived such an adventurous and outspoken life, as Nellie. But, I see the same kind of Strength and Resolve, in my own Mom. Mother's Day is coming up soon (next weekend). So, I'm taking this chance. To recount my Mom's life. And think about, how well, she has cared for me and our family, over the years. She Married my Dad, at a fairly young age of 20, in 1954 or 55. I can't remember, for sure. But, this was fairly common, in those days. I was Born in 1956. And Dad Died, when I was 4 years old. So, Mom, at a young age. Had to Provide for me and my 18 month old little sister. And deal with the loss of her Husband and all of the Sadness, that brought her. She did a very good job of Providing and Taking care of us. We were not Rich. But, we had all of the things that we needed, growing up. As well as most of what we wanted for Christmas, each year. She, later remarried. And had my little brother. The marriage, only lasted a few years. So, then there were three of us kids, for Mom to take care of. Mom, faced the en-equality and lower pay (than men). In her job, during the 1960's and 70's. But, she rarely mentioned these things. She, just did what needed to be done. And raised us up well. And even now, in 2015. Mom, is still here. Taking Car of her Family. My Mom, like many others. May never be Famous, or show up on a Google Search Page. But, She is My Mom and I Honer and Love her Dearly...
Thank you Mom, for all you do and have done for Me!:)
Happy Mothers Day!
Here's that info on Miss Nellie Bly...
Elizabeth Jane Cochran Nellie Bly circa 1884 (Image donated by Corbis Bettmann)
Nellie Bly Pseudonym of Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman 1867-1922
Nellie Bly (May 5, 1864ÂÂ" January 27, 1922) was the pen name of American journalist Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman. She was also a writer, industrialist, inventor, and a charity worker who was widely known for her record-breaking trip around the world in 72 days, in emulation of Jules Verne's fictional character Phileas Fogg, and an expos in which she faked insanity to study a mental institution from within. She was a pioneer in her field, and launched a new kind of investigative journalism.
- Nellie Bly - Google Search
- Nellie Bly - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Nellie Bly - Google Image Search
- Nellie Bly - Biography - Journalist - Biography.com
- American Experience . Around the World in 72 Days . People & Events . Nellie Bly | PBS
- Ten Days in a Mad-House
- Nellie Bly Online
- Nellie Bly: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know | Heavy.com
- Nellie Bly - Google Video Search Pg1
- Nellie Bly's 151st Birthday Google Doodle - YouTube
- Nellie Bly - Google+
- Nellie-split-face.jpg (JPEG Image, 340Â ÃÂ 549 pixels)
- Nellie Bly Goes Around the World in 72 Days - YouTube
- The Life of Nellie Bly - YouTube
- The Adventures of Nellie Bly - YouTube
- Nellie Bly Documentary - YouTube
- Almanac: Globetrotting journalist Nellie Bly
- Nellie Bly's Undercover Story Video : Mysteries at the Museum : Travel Channel
- Nellie Bly - Google Video Search Pg 2
- Ten Days In a Mad-House BY NELLIE BLY Audio - Google Search
- Ten Days in a Madhouse : Nellie Bly : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive
- Ten Days in a Madhouse .. by Nellie Bly TTHRILLER CRIME Full AudioBook [unabridged] - YouTube
- Internet Archive Search: creator:"Nellie Bly"
- Around the World in Seventy-Two Days : Nellie Bly : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive
- ExplorePAHistory.com - Image
The Life of Nellie Bly
Elizabeth Cochrane, "Nellie Bly"
|Born||Elizabeth Jane Cochrane |
May 5, 1864
Cochran's Mills, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||January 27, 1922 (agedÃÂ 57) |
New York, New York, U.S.
|Occupation||Journalist, Novelist, Inventor|
|Spouse(s)||Robert Seaman (m. 1895Ã¢ÂÂ"1904)|
|Awards||National Women's Hall of Fame (1998)|
After her marriage, Nellie used the name "Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman," as seen in the signatures on patents she filed.
In 1880 Cochrane and her family moved to Pittsburgh. An aggressively misogynistic column entitled "What Girls Are Good For" in the Pittsburgh Dispatch prompted her to write a fiery rebuttal to the editor under the pseudonym "Lonely Orphan Girl". The editor, George Madden, was impressed with her passion and ran an advertisement asking the author to identify herself. When Cochrane introduced herself to the editor, he offered her the opportunity to write a piece for the newspaper, again under the pseudonym "Lonely Orphan Girl". After her first article for the Dispatch, entitled "The Girl Puzzle", Madden was impressed again and offered her a full-time job. Women who were newspaper writers at that time customarily used pen names. The editor chose "Nellie Bly", adopted from the title character in the popular song "Nelly Bly" by Stephen Foster. Cochrane originally intended that her pseudonym be "Nelly Bly," but her editor wrote "Nellie" by mistake and the error stuck.
As a writer, Bly focused her early work for the Dispatch on the plight of working women, writing a series of investigative articles on women who were factory workers, but editorial pressure pushed her to the so-called "women's pages" to cover fashion, society, and gardening, the usual role for women journalists of the day. Dissatisfied with these duties, she took the initiative and traveled to Mexico to serve as a foreign correspondent. Still only 21, she spent nearly half a year reporting the lives and customs of the Mexican people; her dispatches later were published in book form as Six Months in Mexico. In one report, she protested the imprisonment of a local journalist for criticizing the Mexican government, then a dictatorship under Porfirio DÃÂaz. When Mexican authorities learned of Bly's report, they threatened her with arrest, prompting her to leave the country. Safely home, she denounced DÃÂaz as a tyrannical czar suppressing the Mexican people and controlling the press.
After a night of practicing deranged expressions in front of a mirror, she checked into a boardinghouse. She refused to go to bed, telling the boarders that she was afraid of them and that they looked "crazy". They soon decided that she was "crazy", and the next morning summoned the police. Taken to a courtroom, she pretended to have amnesia. The judge concluded she had been drugged.
Several doctors then examined her; all declared her insane. "Positively demented," said one, "I consider it a hopeless case. She needs to be put where someone will take care of her." The head of the insane pavilion at Bellevue Hospital pronounced her "undoubtedly insane". The case of the "pretty crazy girl" attracted media attention: "Who Is This Insane Girl?" asked the New York Sun. The New York Times wrote of the "mysterious waif" with the "wild, hunted look in her eyes" and her desperate cry: "I can't remember I can't remember."
Committed to the asylum, Bly experienced its conditions firsthand. The food consisted of gruel broth, spoiled beef, bread that was little more than dried dough, and dirty undrinkable water. The dangerous patients were tied together with ropes. The patients were made to sit for much of each day on hard benches with scant protection from the cold. Waste was all around the eating places. Rats crawled all around the hospital. The bathwater was frigid and buckets of it were poured over their heads. The nurses behaved obnoxiously and abusively, telling the patients to shut up, and beating them if they did not. Speaking with her fellow patients, Bly was convinced that some were as sane as she was. On the effect of her experiences, she wrote:
What, excepting torture, would produce insanity quicker than this treatment? Here is a class of women sent to be cured. I would like the expert physicians who are condemning me for my action, which has proven their ability, to take a perfectly sane and healthy woman, shut her up and make her sit from 6 a.m. until 8 p.m. on straight-back benches, do not allow her to talk or move during these hours, give her no reading and let her know nothing of the world or its doings, give her bad food and harsh treatment, and see how long it will take to make her insane. Two months would make her a mental and physical wreck.
Ã¢ÂÂ¦My teeth chattered and my limbs were Ã¢ÂÂ¦numb with cold. Suddenly, I got three buckets of ice-cold waterÃ¢ÂÂ¦one in my eyes, nose and mouth.After ten days the asylum released Bly at The World's behest. Her report, later published in book form as Ten Days in a Mad-House, caused a sensation and brought her lasting fame. While embarrassed physicians and staff fumbled to explain how she had deceived so many professionals, a grand jury launched its own investigation into conditions at the asylum, inviting Bly to assist. The jury's report recommended the changes she had proposed. Its call for increased funds for care of the insane prompted an $850,000 increase in the budget of the Department of Public Charities and Corrections. The Grand Jury also made sure that future examinations were more thorough so that only the seriously ill went to the asylum.
Around the world
She took with her the dress she was wearing, a sturdy overcoat, several changes of underwear, and a small travel bag carrying her toiletry essentials. She carried most of her money (ÃÂ£200 in English bank notes and gold, as well as some American currency) in a bag tied around her neck.
The New York newspaper Cosmopolitan sponsored its own reporter, Elizabeth Bisland, to beat the time of both Phileas Fogg and Bly. Bisland would travel the opposite way around the world. To sustain interest in the story, the World organized a Ã¢ÂÂNellie Bly Guessing MatchÃ¢ÂÂ in which readers were asked to estimate BlyÃ¢ÂÂs arrival time to the second, with the Grand Prize consisting at first of a free trip to Europe and, later on, spending money for the trip.
Bly travelled using steamships and the existing railroad systems, which caused occasional setbacks, particularly on the Asian leg of her race. During these stops, she visited a leper colony in China and, in Singapore, she bought a monkey.
As a result of rough weather on her Pacific crossing, she arrived in San Francisco on the White Star Line ship Oceanic on January 21, two days behind schedule. However, after World owner Pulitzer chartered a private train to bring her home, she arrived back in New Jersey on January 25, 1890, at 3:51ÃÂ p.m.
Just over seventy-two days after her departure from Hoboken, Bly was back in New York. She had circumnavigated the globe, traveling alone for almost the entire journey. Bisland was, at the time, still crossing the Atlantic, only to arrive in New York four and a half days later. She also had missed a connection and had had to board a slow, old ship (the Bothnia) in the place of a fast ship (Etruria). Bly's journey was a world record, although it was bettered a few months later by George Francis Train, who completed the journey in 67 days. By 1913, Andre Jaeger-Schmidt, Henry Frederick, and John Henry Mears had improved on the record, the latter completing the journey in fewer than 36 days.
Bly died of pneumonia at St. Mark's Hospital in New York City in 1922 at age 57. She was interred in a modest grave at Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx, coincidentally in the same cemetery as Bisland, who died in 1929, also of pneumonia.
- Cover of the 1890 board game Round the World with Nellie Bly
- The grave of Nellie Bly in Woodlawn Cemetery
- Bly was the subject of the 1946 Broadway musical Nellie Bly, by Johnny Burke and Jimmy Van Heusen. The show ran for 16 performances.
- In 1981 Linda Purl appeared as Bly in a made for television movie entitled The Adventures of Nellie Bly.
- Julia Duffy appeared as Nellie Bly in the July 10, 1983 Voyagers! episode "Jack's Back".
- Nellie Bly is a playable character featured in the 1991 PC role-playing game Ultima: Worlds of Adventure 2: Martian Dreams.
- A fictionalized account of her around the world trip was used in the 2010 comic book Julie Walker is The Phantom published by Moonstone Books (Story: Elizabeth Massie, art: Paul Daly, colors: Stephen Downer).
- She was represented in Steven Quantick's 2013 stage play version of Around the World in 80 Days, as a journalist covering the story of Fogg's exploits, who follows him around the world.
- A fictionalized account of her experience while committed is used as the basis for the 2013 horror novel Bedlam Stories by Pearry Teo and Christine Converse.
- Nellie Bly is the protagonist of the 2014 historical murder mystery novel The New Colossus by Marshall Goldberg, published by Diversion Books.
- A feature film by Pendragon Pictures titled 10 Days in a Madhouse after Nellie Bly's exposÃÂ© is scheduled for release in late 2015. The film staring Caroline Barry, Christopher Lambert, Kelly LeBrock & Julia Chantrey depicts Bly's experiences on Blackwells Island.
References in popular culture
- In season two, episode five of The West Wing, "And It's Surely to Their Credit", first lady Abbey Bartlet dedicates a statue to Nellie Bly.
- In season five, episode seven of Boardwalk Empire, the young character Gillian Darmody reads aloud from Around the World in 72 Days during scenes set in 1897, while scenes set in 1931 show her adult counterpart character to suffer and seek escape from an abusive insane asylum.
- In season two, episode two of Drunk History, "Nellie Bly Goes Undercover At Blackwell's Island", Nellie Bly is played by Laura Dern with JD Ryznar describing the story of her undercover investigation of the Blackwell's Island insane asylum.
Eponyms and namesakes
- The Nellie Bly Amusement Park in Brooklyn, New York City, was named after her, taking as its theme Around the World in Eighty Days. The park reopened in 2007 under new management, renamed "Adventurers Amusement Park".
- From early in the twentieth century until 1961, the Pennsylvania Railroad operated a parlor-car only express train between New York and Atlantic City that bore the name, Nellie Bly. The train was famously involved in a spectacular wreck in 1901, killing 17 people.
- The New York Press Club confers an annual "Nellie Bly Cub Reporter" journalism award to acknowledge the best journalistic effort by an individual with three years or less professional experience.
- The board game Round the World with Nellie Bly created in 1890 is named in recognition of her trip.
- Nellie Bly Kaleidoscope Shop in Jerome, AZ is the world's largest kaleidoscope shop.
- "Nelly BlyÃ¢ÂÂs Olde Tyme Ice Cream Parlour" is an ice cream shop and restaurant located in Riverton, NJ.
- In 1998 she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.
- Nellie Bly was one of four journalists honored with a U.S postage stamp in a "Women in Journalism" set in 2002.
- Her investigation of the Blackwell's Island insane asylum is dramatized in a 4-D film in the Annenberg Theater at the Newseum in Washington, D.C.
- Bly served as inspiration for the character Katherine Plumber from the musical adaptation of Disney's Newsies.
- A fictionalized version of Bly as a mouse, named Nellie Brie, is a central character in An American Tail: The Mystery of the Night Monster.
- The character of Lana Winters (Sarah Paulson) in American Horror Story: Asylum is inspired by Nellie Bly's experience in the asylum.
- The character of Maggie Dubois in The Great Race (1965) played by Natalie Wood is loosely inspired by Nellie Bly.
- A fictionalized story of Bly teaming up with Jules Verne, Oscar Wilde, and Louis Pasteur to catch a killer at the 1889 Paris Worlds Fair appears in The Alchemy of Murder by Carol McCleary.
- On May 5, 2015, the Google search engine produced an interactive "Google Doodle" for Nellie Bly; for the "Google Doodle" Karen O wrote, composed, and recorded an original song about Bly and Katy Wu created an animation set to Karen OÃ¢ÂÂs music. 
- Bicho de Sete CabeÃÂ§as, 2001 Brazilian film about life in a mental hospital
- List of female adventurers
- Rosenhan experiment, 1970s, being sane in an insane place
- Undercover journalism
- Winifred Bonfils, another pioneering woman journalist
- "What Girls are Good For: Happy birthday Nellie Bly". 2015-05-04. Retrieved 2015-05-05.
- Affidavit of Beatrice K. Brown; Surrogates Court, Kings County (1922)
- Goodman, Matthew (2013). Eighty Days: Nellie Bly and Elizabeth Bisland's History-Making Race Around the World.
- Kroeger, Brooke (1994). Nellie Bly: Daredevil, Reporter, Feminist.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nellie Bly.|
|Library resources about |
|By Nellie Bly|
- Works written by or about Nellie Bly at Wikisource
- Information, photos and original Nellie Bly articles at Nellie Bly Online:
- Editions of Bly's books at the Celebration of Women Writers:
- An account of Bly's trip around the world
- American Experience | Around The World In 72 Days, a documentary about Bly's trip around the world
- Daily Alta California, January 22, 1890
- Works by Nellie Bly at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Nellie Bly at Internet Archive
- Works by Nellie Bly at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
But her ignorance of accounting and blind affection for her cheating factory manager brought her down. The business went bankrupt, and Bly resorted to hiding her books from the courts, withholding information and warring with her family.