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Sunday, October 14, 2012

Joe Kittinger Original 1960 Jump and Felix Baumgartner Skydive from Space 24 miles World Record Oct 2012

Here are some great Video's of Felix Baumgartner and Joe Kittinger (Original 1960 Jump). Jumping From Space, to set a New World Records. Besides being just plain Cool! The Team is doing Research on making it Possible to "Bail Out" and Jump Down to the Earth, more safely in the event of Problems in the upper atmosphere. This could help Both Pilots and those heading into Orbit over the Earth in the Future.


Felix Baumgartner makes record-breaking Skydive from Space – Video from

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Sky Dive From The Edge Of Space (1960)

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Man parachutes from 103, 000 feet using helium balloon in 1960 - Joe Kittinger - Project

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Joseph W. Kittinger - Skydiving From The Edge Of The World

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Joe Kittinger Original 1960 Jump and Felix Baumgartner Skydive from Space 24 miles World Record Oct 2012

Felix Baumgartner Was Just Thinking About Coming Home -
baumgartner skydive from space - Google Search
baumgartner skydive from space - Google Search
baumgartner skydive from space - Google Search
Felix Baumgartner makes record-breaking skydive from space – video | Sport |
Felix Baumgartner Skydives From Space, Proves Red Bull May Hinder Human Survival Instinct - YouTube
Skydiver Leaps From 18 Miles Up in 'Space Jump' Practice |
baumgartner skydive from space - Google Search
baumgartner skydive from space - YouTube
Felix Baumgartner, Red Bull Stratos Stunt Man: Austrian's Death-Defying Skydive - Roswell New Mexico - YouTube
baumgartner skydive from space - YouTube
Felix Jumps At 128k feet! Red Bull Stratos - Free Fall from the Edge of Space - YouTube
Joe Kittinger 1960 Space Jump - YouTube
Joe Kittinger the highest jump ever 31km space Free Fall.mpg - YouTube
Sky Dive From The Edge Of Space (1960) - YouTube
Joseph W. Kittinger - Skydiving From The Edge Of The World - YouTube
Joe Kittinger's Skydive From The Edge Of Space (1960) - YouTube
Free Fall From Space - Captain Joe Kittinger - YouTube
Man parachutes from 103, 000 feet using helium balloon in 1960 - Joe Kittinger - Project Excelsior - - YouTube
Joe Kittinger 1960 Space Jump - Google Search
Joe Kittinger 1960 Space Jump - Google Search
Joe Kittinger 1960 Space Jump - Google Search
Roswell Incident: Project Mogul / Operation High Dive / Project Excelsior Weather Balloon Footage - YouTube
Man parachutes from 103, 000 feet using helium balloon in 1960 - Joe Kittinger - Project - Google Search
Lecture 07 Weight Perceived Gravity Weightlessness Free Fall Zero Gravity in Orbit misnomer - YouTube
Man parachutes from 103, 000 feet using helium balloon in 1960 Joe Kittinger - Google Search
Joe Kittinger Original 1960 Jump - Google Search
Joe Kittinger 1960 Space Jump - Google Search
Joe Kittinger 1960 Space Jump - Google Search
Joseph Kittinger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Project Manhigh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Project Excelsior - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Felix Baumgartner - Google Search
Felix Baumgartner - Google Search
Felix Baumgartner - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Felix Baumgartner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Felix Baumgartner

A mannequin wearing the suit Felix Baumgartner used to cross the English Channel
Nickname B.A.S.E. 502
Born 20 April 1969 (age 43)
Salzburg, Austria
Felix Baumgartner (pronounced [felɪks baʊmgaːɐtnəʁ]; born 20 April 1969) is an Austrian skydiver and a BASE jumper. He set the world record for skydiving an estimated 39 kilometres (128,000 ft), reaching an estimated speed of 1,342 kilometres per hour (834 mph), or Mach 1.24, on October 14, 2012.[1] He is also renowned for the particularly dangerous nature of the stunts he has performed during his career. Baumgartner spent time in the Austrian military where he practiced parachute jumping, including training to land on small target zones.
Baumgartner's most recent project was Red Bull Stratos, in which he jumped to Earth from a helium balloon in the stratosphere on 14 October 2012. As part of said project, he reached the altitude record for a manned balloon flight.[2]



Baumgartner was born on 20 April 1969 in Salzburg, Austria.[3]
In 1999 he claimed the world record for the highest parachute jump from a building when he jumped from the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.[4] On 31 July 2003, Baumgartner became the first person to skydive across the English Channel using a specially made carbon fiber wing.[5] He also set the world record for the lowest BASE jump ever, when he jumped 95 feet (29 m) from the hand of the Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro.[6]
He became the first person to BASE jump from the completed Millau Viaduct in France on 27 June 2004[citation needed] and the first person to skydive onto, then BASE jump from, the Turning Torso building in Malmö, Sweden on 18 August 2006.[7] On 12 December 2007 he became the first person to jump from the 91st floor observation deck, then went to the 90th floor (about 390 m (1,280 ft)) of the then tallest completed building in the world, Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan.[8][clarification needed]

Red Bull Stratos

At 12:08 MDT and at an altitude of 39 kilometres (24 mi), Baumgartner jumped from the capsule
In January 2010, it was reported that Baumgartner was working with a team of scientists and sponsor Red Bull to attempt the highest sky-dive on record.[9] Baumgartner initially struggled with claustrophobia after spending time in the pressurized suit required for the jump, but overcame it with help from a sports psychologist and other specialists.[10]
The launch was originally scheduled for 9 October 2012, but was aborted due to adverse weather conditions. Launch was rescheduled and the mission instead took place on 14 October 2012 when Baumgartner landed in eastern New Mexico after jumping from a world record 128,097 feet, over 24 miles (39 km).[10][11] On the basis of provisional data, Baumgartner also set the record for the highest manned balloon flight at 39.045 kilometres (24.261 mi) and fastest speed of free fall at 1,342 kilometres per hour (834 mph) making him the first human to break the sound barrier outside of a vehicle.[12][13] Baumgartner was in free fall for 4 minutes, 19 seconds, just 17 seconds shy of his mentor Joseph Kittinger's 4 minutes, 36 second record from 1960.[12]

See also

  • Michel Fournier, who has been working on a 25 mile (40 km) jump for several years.[14]
  • Joseph Kittinger, former world record holder for skydiving from 102,800 ft (31.33 km)
  • Yves Rossy, the first man to cross the English Channel using a jet-powered wing
  • Steve Truglia, English stuntman who was planning a similar space jump


  1. ^ Figures delivered by Brian Utley, representative of the National Aeronautics Association, the US arm of the international organization of record, the FAI (Fédération Aéronautique Internationale), at press conference by Red Bull Stratos, streamed online at on October 14, 2012
  2. ^ Tierney, John. "Daredevil Prepares to Jump Nearly 25 Miles". New York Times. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  3. ^ "Felix Baumgartner". Retrieved 23 Mar 2012.
  4. ^ "Archive: 1999". Retrieved 23 Mar 2012.
  5. ^ "Birdman Flies Atair Parachutes Across English Channel". 2003-11-21. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
  6. ^ The Man Who Would Fall to Earth, Esquire, p. 4, 2010-07-14, accessed 2010-07-14; "he leapt from the outstretched hand of O Cristo Redentor, the ninety-eight-foot-tall statue that looms over Rio de Janeiro... the final product was... a world record—lowest BASE jump ever".
  7. ^ "Pr-jippo kan sluta med åtal". 2006-08-18. Retrieved 5 December 2010. (Swedish)
  8. ^ "Extreme Felix Baumgartner jumping off Taipei 101". YouTube. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
  9. ^ Choi, Charles Q (22 January 2010). "'Space diver' to attempt first supersonic freefall". New Scientist. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  10. ^ a b Tierney, John (14 October 2012). "Daredevil Jumps, and Lands on His Feet". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  11. ^ Llorca, Juan Carlos (14 October 2012). "Skydiver Lands Safely After 24-Mile Leap to Earth". Associated Press. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  12. ^ a b Irvine, Chris (14 October 2012). "Felix Baumgartner: Daredevil in record-breaking free fall attempt: live". Telegraph. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  13. ^ Tierney, John (14 October 2012). "Daredevil Jumps, and Lands on His Feet". Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  14. ^ Dermot McGrath (29 July 2002). "The Man Who Will Fall to Earth". Wired. Retrieved 2010-05-18.

External links

External media
Felix Baumgartner
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Joseph Kittinger

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Joseph W. Kittinger II

Colonel Joseph W. Kittinger II, USAF
(pictured as a Captain)
Nickname Red
Born July 27, 1928 (age 84)
Tampa, Florida
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Air Force
Years of service 1950-1978
Rank Colonel
Battles/wars Korean War
Vietnam War
Awards Silver Star (2)
Legion of Merit (2)
Distinguished Flying Cross (6)
Bronze Star (3)
Purple Heart (2)
Meritorious Service Medal
Air Medal (24)
Prisoner of War Medal
Joseph William Kittinger II (born July 27, 1928) is a former command pilot, career military officer and retired Colonel in the United States Air Force. He is most famous for his participation in Project Manhigh and Project Excelsior, holding the records for having the second longest skydive, from a height greater than 31 kilometres (19 mi),[1] and for being the first man to make a solo crossing of the Atlantic Ocean in a gas balloon. In 2012 at the age of 84 he participated in the Red Bull Stratos project as mission controller, directing Felix Baumgartner on his record breaking 128,000 ft freefall from Earth's stratosphere. Serving as a fighter pilot during the Vietnam War, he achieved an aerial kill of a North Vietnamese jet fighter and was later shot down himself, spending 11 months as a prisoner of war in a North Vietnamese prison.


Early life and military career

Born in Tampa, Florida, Kittinger was educated at the Bolles School in Jacksonville, Florida, and the University of Florida. After racing speedboats as a teenager, he entered the U.S. Air Force in March 1949. On completion of aviation cadet training in March 1950, he received a pilot rating and a commission as a second lieutenant. He was subsequently assigned to the 86th Fighter-Bomber Wing based at Ramstein Air Base in West Germany, flying the F-84 Thunderjet and F-86 Sabre.
In 1954 Kittinger was transferred to Holloman AFB, New Mexico and the Air Force Missile Development Center (AFMDC). He flew the observation/chase plane that monitored flight surgeon Colonel John Stapp's rocket sled run of 632 mph (1,017 km/h) in 1955. Kittinger was impressed by Stapp's dedication and leadership as a pioneer in aerospace medicine. Stapp, in turn, was impressed with Kittinger's skillful jet piloting, later recommending him for space-related aviation research work. Stapp was to foster the high-altitude balloon tests that would later lead to Kittinger's record-setting leap from over 102,800 feet (31,300 m). In 1957, as part of Project Manhigh, Kittinger set an interim balloon altitude record of 96,760 feet (29,490 m) in Manhigh I, for which he was awarded his first Distinguished Flying Cross.

Project Excelsior

Kittinger next to the Excelsior gondola
Captain Kittinger was next assigned to the Aerospace Medical Research Laboratories at Wright-Patterson AFB in Dayton, Ohio. For Project Excelsior (meaning "ever upward"), a name given to the project by Colonel Stapp as part of research into high altitude bailouts,[citation needed] he made a series of three extreme altitude parachute jumps from an open gondola carried aloft by large helium balloons. These jumps were made in a "rocking-chair" position, descending on his back, rather than in the usual face-down position familiar to skydivers. This was because he was wearing a 60 lb (27 kg) "kit" on his behind, and his pressure suit naturally formed a sitting shape when it was inflated, a shape appropriate for sitting in an airplane cockpit.[citation needed]
Kittinger's first high-altitude jump, from about 76,400 feet (23,300 m) on November 16, 1959, was a near-disaster when an equipment malfunction caused him to lose consciousness.[2] The automatic parachute opener in his equipment saved his life. He went into a flat spin at a rotational velocity of about 120 rpm. The g-forces at his extremities have been calculated to be over 22 times the force of gravity, setting another record.[citation needed]
Excelsior II : On December 11, 1959, he jumped again from about 74,700 feet (22,800 m). For that leap, Kittinger was awarded the A. Leo Stevens Parachute Medal.[3]

Kittinger's then record-breaking skydive from Excelsior III
On August 16, 1960, he made the final jump, from the Excelsior III, at 102,800 feet (31,300 m).[2] Towing a small drogue parachute for initial stabilization, he fell for 4 minutes and 36 seconds, reaching a maximum speed of 614 miles per hour (988 km/h)[4][5] before opening his parachute at 18,000 feet (5,500 m). Pressurization for his right glove malfunctioned during the ascent, and his right hand swelled to twice its normal size.[6][7] Ignoring the pain, he rode the balloon up to 102,800 feet and said a short prayer — "Lord, take care of me now" — before stepping off.[8]
Kittinger set historical numbers for highest balloon ascent, highest parachute jump, longest drogue-fall (four minutes), and fastest speed by a human being through the atmosphere.[9] These are still current USAF records, but were not submitted for aerospace world records to the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI).[10]
For this series of jumps, Kittinger was decorated with a second Distinguished Flying Cross, and he was awarded the Harmon Trophy by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.[11]

The Stargazer gondola on display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force at Wright-Patterson AFB in Dayton, Ohio

Project Stargazer

Back at Holloman Air Force Base, Kittinger took part in Project Stargazer on December 13–14, 1963. He and the astronomer William C. White took an open-gondola helium balloon packed with scientific equipment to an altitude of about 82,200 feet (25,100 m), where they spent over 18 hours performing astronomical observations.

Later USAF career

Kittinger later served three combat tours of duty during the Vietnam War, flying a total of 483 missions. During his first two tours he flew as aircraft commander in Douglas A-26 Invaders and modified On Mark Engineering B-26K Counter-Invaders as part of Projects Farm Gate and Big Eagle. Following his first two Vietnam tours, he returned to the United States, and he soon transitioned to the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II. During a voluntary third tour of duty to Vietnam in 1971-72, he commanded the 555th Tactical Fighter Squadron (555 TFS), the noted "Triple Nickel" squadron, flying the F-4D Phantom II. Kittinger would also later serve as vice commander of the 432nd Tactical Reconnaissance Wing. During this period he was also credited with shooting down a North Vietnamese MiG-21.[12]
Kittinger was shot down on May 11, 1972, just before the end of his third tour of duty. While flying an F-4D, USAF Serial No. 66-0230, with his Weapons Systems Officer, 1st Lieutenant William J. Reich, Lieutenant Colonel Kittinger was leading a flight of Phantoms approximately five miles northwest of Thai Nguyen, North Vietnam, when they were engaged by a flight of MiG-21 fighter planes. Kittinger and his wingman were chasing a MiG-21 when Kittinger's Phantom II was hit by an air-to-air missile that damaged the fighter's starboard wing and set the airplane on fire. Kittinger and Reich ejected a few miles from Thai Nguyen and were soon captured and taken to the city of Hanoi. During the same engagement, Kittinger's wingman, Captain S. E. Nichols, shot down the MiG-21 they had been chasing.[13]
Kittinger and Reich spent 11 months as prisoners of war (POWs) in the "Hanoi Hilton" prison. Kittinger was put through "rope torture" soon after his arrival at the POW compound and this made a lasting impression on him. Kittinger was the senior ranking officer (SRO) among the newer prisoners of war (those captured after 1969), and he was described as having been in conflict with some of his fellow prisoners over his leadership style. He tried to keep the aggressive junior officers under his command from active resistance to their captors on the basis that it might result in more torture for the POWs. In Kittinger's autobiography "Come Up and Get Me" by Kittinger and Craig Ryan, Kittinger defended himself as being very serious about maintaining the military structure that he considered essential to survival. Kittinger and Reich were returned to American hands on March 28, 1973, and they continued their Air Force careers, with Kittinger promoted to full colonel shortly thereafter.

Awards and decorations[14]

USAF Command Pilot wings
Parachutist Badge
Silver Star w/ 1 bronze oak leaf cluster Legion of Merit w/ 1 bronze oak leaf cluster Distinguished Flying Cross w/ 1 silver oak leaf cluster
Bronze Star Medal w/ Valor device and 2 bronze oak leaf clusters Purple Heart w/ 1 bronze oak leaf cluster Meritorious Service Medal
Air Medal w/ 4 silver and 3 bronze oak leaf clusters Presidential Unit Citation Outstanding Unit Award
Prisoner of War Medal Army of Occupation Medal National Defense Service Medal
Vietnam Service Medal w/ 1 silver and 2 bronze service stars Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal

Later civilian career

Kittinger retired from the air force as a colonel in 1978, and initially he went to work for Martin Marietta Corporation in Orlando, Florida.
Still interested in ballooning, he set a gas balloon world distance record for the AA-06 size class (since broken) of 3,221.23 km in 1983.[15] He then completed the first solo Atlantic crossing in the 106,000 cubic foot (3,000 m³) Balloon of Peace from September 14 to September 18, 1984.[16] As an official FAI world aerospace record, it is the longest gas balloon distance flight in AA-10 size category (5,703.03 km).[15] He participated in the Gordon Bennett Cup in ballooning in 1989 (ranked 3rd) and 1994 (ranked 12th).
Kittinger advised Felix Baumgartner on Baumgartner's October 14, 2012 free-fall from 120,000 feet (about 36,000m).[7] The project was called Red Bull Stratos and collected leading experts in the fields of aeronautics, medicine and engineering to ensure its success. Kittinger eventually served as Capcom (capsule communications) for Baumgartner's jump.[17] With his successful jump on October 14, 2012 Baumgartner became the first person ever to break the sound barrier while in free fall.[18] Baumgartner's jump was used to test the next generation of full pressure space suits and to collect medical and scientific information.[19] Although the jump was originally planned for 2010, it was delayed by a legal case between Red Bull and promoter Daniel Hogan, who claims that he was first to propose the jump to Red Bull in 2004 and alleges that Red Bull backed out before resurrecting the project some years later.[20] The lawsuit was resolved out of court in June 2011, and two test jumps were made on March 15, 2012.[21]
Kittinger lives in the Orlando area, and he was the Vice President of Flight Operations for Rosie O'Grady's Flying Circus, part of the Rosie O'Grady's/Church Street Station entertainment complex in Orlando, prior to the parent company's dissolution. Kittinger is still active in the aviation community as a consultant and touring barnstormer.


In September 1992, Colonel Joe Kittinger Park in Orlando, Florida was completed by the Greater Orlando Aviation Authority (GOAA) for the city of Orlando. It was located on the southwest corner of the Orlando Executive Airport (KORL). The aviation-themed park was named in Kittinger's honor, but was temporarily demolished to permit a highway expansion project of the Florida State Road 408 East-West Expressway.
In March 2011 the park was reopened, relocated to the corner of Crystal Lake Drive and South Street at Orlando Executive Airport.[22] City officials are also considering inclusion in the park of a restored USAF F-4 Phantom II aircraft, to be placed on pylon static display and painted with the colors of an F-4D formerly flown by Colonel Kittinger.[citation needed] Kittinger has also been honored at a ceremony in Caribou, Maine, where he served as the guest of honor at a sesquicentennial celebration.[citation needed]
In 1997, Kittinger was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in Dayton, Ohio.[23]
On January 23, 2007, the Civil Air Patrol (CAP), the United States Air Force Auxiliary, honored Kittinger by renaming the Texas CAP wing's TX-352 Squadron for him. Texas Governor Rick Perry cited Kittinger's work, as did the Texas state senate with a special resolution presented during the dedication ceremony attended by Kittinger and his wife Sherry. The Colonel Joseph W. Kittinger Phantom Senior Squadron of CAP's Texas Wing is based at the former Bergstrom AFB, which is now the Austin-Bergstrom International Airport.
The Project Manhigh and Excelsior balloon capsules and the suit from his highest jump are on display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force at Wright-Patterson AFB in Dayton, Ohio. An additional exhibit depicting his highest balloon jump opened at the National Air and Space Museum on 6 April 2008.

See also


  1. ^ Mission to the edge of Space — Red Bull Stratos — Trailer
  2. ^ a b John Tierney (March 15, 2010). "A Supersonic Jump, From 23 Miles in the Air". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-17. "In 1960, Kittinger, then a 32-year-old air force pilot, jumped from a balloon 102,800 feet above the New Mexico desert."
  3. ^ = August 2011[dead link]
  4. ^ "Fact Sheets : Excelsior Gondola". National Museum of the USAF. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
  5. ^ "Fantastic catch in the sky, record leap toward earth". Life. August 29, 1960.
  6. ^ Higgins, Matt (May 24, 2008). "20-Year Journey for 15-Minute Fall". New York Times.
  7. ^ a b Tony Paterson (25 January 2010). "Faster than the speed of sound: the man who falls to earth". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
  8. ^ Tierney, John (October 14, 2012). "Daredevil Jumps, and Lands on His Feet". New York Times.
  9. ^ Joseph W. Kittinger - USAF Museum Gathering of Eagles
  10. ^ Kittinger, Joseph (2010). Come Up and Get Me. UNM Press. ISBN 978-0-8263-4804-3.
  11. ^ "Joseph Kittinger, Jr.". U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  12. ^ "Col. Joe Kittinger Jr.". USAF Heritage.
  13. ^ Hobson, Chris (2001). Vietnam Air Losses. Hinckley UK: Midland Publishing. p. 226. ISBN 1-85780-115-6.
  14. ^ "Col. Joe Kittinger Awards". Sherri Lester-Aguirre and Sherry Kittinger. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
  15. ^ a b "History of Records" Joseph W. Kittinger, Jr.". FAI.
  16. ^ National Geographic, Feb 1985
  17. ^ "Col. Joe Kittinger". Red Bull Stratos – The Team. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  18. ^ Irvine, Chris (14 October 2012). "Felix Baumgartner: Daredevil in record-breaking free fall attempt: live". Telegraph. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
  19. ^ - Felix Baumgartner attempts to break Joseph Kittinger's record[dead link]
  20. ^ Allen, Nick (December 26, 2010). "Space dive skydiver stopped from jump by legal case". The Daily Telegraph (London).
  21. ^ "Official statement on closing of legal case". Red Bull Stratos press release. 30 June 2011.
  22. ^ "Local Aviation Hero, Colonel Joe Kittinger, Re-Opens Park in His Honor at Orlando Executive Airport". Archived from the original on 2012-03-16. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  23. ^ "Records and awards". Archived from the original on 2012-03-16. Retrieved 16 March 2012.

Further reading

  • Kittinger, Joseph (1961). The Long, Lonely Leap. New York: E. P. Dutton. (Kittinger's autobiography)
  • Kennedy, Gregory P. (2007). Touching Space: the story of Project Manhigh. Schiffer. ISBN 0-7643-2788-7.
  • Ryan, Craig (1995). The Pre-Astronauts: Manned Ballooning on the Threshold of Space. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-732-5.
  • Kittinger, Joseph (2010). Come Up and Get Me. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0-8263-4803-3.

External links

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